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Most Cited Standards


TOSHA 20 Most Cited Construction Standards--29CFR 1926
TOSHA Logo(By Section Title)

January 1, 2011 - December 31, 2011 

Section Title
Hazard Description (for example)
Duty to Have Fall Protection
  • No fall protection for unprotected sides and edges above 6 feet    
  • No covers on holes, including skylights, on walking/working surfaces
  • No fall protection for employees working on low-slope roofs above 6 feet
  • No fall protection while working on steep roof above 6 feet
  • 2
    General Requirements for Scaffolding
  • Scaffold platforms not fully planked or decked
  • Ties, guys, braces, or outriggers not used to prevent tipping of scaffolds
  • Poles, legs, posts, frames and uprights of scaffold did not bear on base plates and mud sills
  • Scaffolds not properly crossbraced
  • Front-end loaders, etc., used to support scaffolds
  • Ladder not provided to access scaffold
  • Scaffold not inspected by competent person before each workshift
  • Scaffold not erected, dismantled, moved, etc., under supervision of a competent person
  • No fall protection on scaffolds 10 feet or higher
  • Inadequate guardrails on open sides and ends of scaffold platforms
  • 3
  • Ladder side rails do not extend 3 feet above upper surface
  • Ladders used for purpose other than for which they were designed
  • Unsecured ladders placed in passageways, doorways, driveways, etc.
  • Top or top step of ladder used as a step
  • 4
    Fall Protection: Training Requirements
  • No training on fall hazards for exposed employees
  • 5
    Electrical Wiring Design and Protection
  • Ground-fault-circuit interrupters not provided on electrical outlets
  • No permanent and continuous electrical path to ground
  • 6
    Aerial Lifts
  • Body belt not worn, nor lanyard attached to the boom or basket, when working from an aerial lift
  • Workers not standing firmly on the floor of the basket
  • 7
    1926. 651
    Excavations: Specific Excavation Requirements
  • More than 25 feet of lateral travel between safe means of egress from trench excavations
  • Materials or equipment within 2 feet of the edge of excavation
  • No daily inspection of excavation by a competent person
  • 8
    Head Protection
  • No protective helmets worn where there is danger of head injuries
  • 9
    Electrical Wiring Methods
  • Flexible cords and cables not protected from damage
  • Strain relief not provided on flexible cords
  • Unused openings in cabinets, boxes or fittings not effectively closed and conductors entering boxes, cabinets, etc., not protected from abrasion
  • 10
    Excavations: Requirements for Protective Systems
  • Inadequate cave-in protection on excavation site
  • 11
    Safety Training and Education
  • Employees not instructed in recognizing & avoiding unsafe conditions
  • 12
    Scaffolds: Training Requirements
  • Employees working on scaffolds not trained
  • 13
    Electrical: General Requirements
  • Electric equipment not installed and used according to listing, labeling, or certification
  • 14
    Medical Services and First Aid
  • No one trained to render first aid
  • 15
    Scaffolds: Specific Types
  • Fabricated frame scaffolds not properly crossbraced
  • 16
    Steel Erection Fall Protection
  • No fall protection for unprotected sides and edges above 15 feet for employees engaged in steel erection
  • 17
    Electrical Safety Related Work Practices: General Requirements
  • Worn or frayed electric cords/cables used
  • 18
    Criteria for Personal Protective Equipment
  • PPE not provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition
  • 19
    Concrete and Masonry Construction: General Requirements
  • Protruding reinforcing steel onto which employees could fall not guarded
  • 20
    Steel Erection Training
  • Employees engaged in steel erection activity not trained on fall hazards