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Most Cited Standards


TOSHA 20 Most Citied General Industry Standards---29 CFR 1910TOSHA Logo
(By Section Title)

January 1, 2011 - December 31, 2011 

Section Title
Hazard Description (for example)
Hazard Communication
  • Lack of, or deficiencies in, written program, MSDS, training, labels
  • 2
    Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Lack of, or deficiencies in, the written  exposure control plan    
  • Inadequate engineering or work practice controls, personal protective equipment, and housekeeping   
  • Lack of, or deficiencies in, the annual training program
  • 3
    Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • No PPE hazard assessment conducted
  • No written certification of hazard assessment
  • No training on PPE provided to employees
  • 4
    Electrical Wiring Methods and Components
  • Unused openings in cabinets, boxes or fittings not closed
  • No covers on pull boxes, junction boxes or fittings
  • Improper use of flexible cords
  • 5
    Portable Fire Extinguishers
  • Extinguishers not fully charged and in designated locations
  • No monthly visual inspection 
  • Extinguishers not readily accessible 
  • No annual maintenance check  
  • No training program
  • 6
  • No energy control program established
  • No energy control procedures developed, documented, or used
  • No specific procedural steps for shutting down, isolating, blocking and securing machines
  • Appropriate hardware not provided
  • No inspection of energy control procedures at least annually
  • No annual inspection of energy control procedures
  • No training on energy control program
  • Energy isolating devices not located and used properly
  • 7
    Respiratory Protection
  • No written respirator program
  • Appendix D not provided to voluntary respirator wearers
  • No medical evaluation for respirator wearers and no medical recommendation
  • No annual respirator fit test
  • Tight-fitting respirators worn where facial hair interferes with the seal
  • Respirators not stored and maintained properly
  • Inadequate training for respirator wearers
  • 8
    Abrasive Wheel Machinery
  • Missing tongue guard on grinder
  • Missing work rest on grinder
  • 9
    General Requirements for All Machines
  • Machinery guarding not provided to protect employees from point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, flying chips, and sparks
  • Fan blades less than 7 feet above floor not guarded
  • Machinery not securely anchored
  • 10
    General Electrical
  • Electric equipment not installed or used in accordance with listing or labeling
  • Disconnecting means not legibly marked 
  • Live parts operating at ≥ 50 volts not guarded
  • 11
    Occupational Noise
  • Engineering controls not used to reduce noise exposures below an eight-hour TWA of 90 decibels
  • No effective hearing conservation program where noise exposures exceed an eight-hour TWA of 85 decibels
  • Monitoring of noise levels not conducted
  • Audiometric testing program not established or maintained
  • Annual audiograms not conducted
  • Hearing protection not provided where noise exposures exceed an eight-hour TWA of 85 decibels
  • Hearing protection worn incorrectly
  • Employees exposed to noise at or above an eight-hour TWA of 85 decibels not trained
  • Noise standard not posted in the workplace
  • 12
    Walking/Working Surfaces
  • All places of employment not kept clean, orderly, and sanitary
  • Workplace floors not kept dry
  • No sign indicating approved load level for overhead storage
  • 13
    Medical Services and First Aid
  • No emergency eye wash and/or shower
  • No one trained in first aid
  • 14
    Electrical Wiring Design and Protection
  • Overcurrent protection not accessible or improperly located
  • No permanent and continuous path to ground
  • Metal parts of cord-and-plug-connected equipment not grounded
  • 15
    Powered-Industrial Trucks
  • Operator not trained and evaluated
  • Operator not evaluated at least every 3 years
  • The employer did not certify that each operator was trained and evaluated
  • Unsafe truck not taken out of service
  • 16
    Guarding Floor and Wall Openings
  • Open-sided floors or platforms 4 feet or more above the adjacent floor or ground not guarded by a standard guardrail
  • Railings do not meet specifications
  • 17
    Maintenance, Safeguards, etc. for Exit Routes
  • Exit routes not free and unobstructed
  • Each exit not clearly visible and marked by “EXIT” sign
  • 18
    Oxygen-Fuel Gas Welding and Cutting
  • Improperly stored compressed gas cylinders
  • Oxygen cylinders not properly separated from fuel-gas cylinders and combustible materials
  • 19
    Permit-Required-Confined Spaces
  • Workplace not evaluated for permit-required confined space  
  • Permit spaces not marked with a danger sign 
  • No written permit-space program  
  • Confined space training not conducted
  • 20
    Mechanical Power-Transmission Apparatus
  • Pulleys less than 7 feet high not guarded
  • Vertical and inclined belts not guarded
  • Sprockets and chains less than 7 feet high not guarded