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Most Cited Standards


TOSHA 20 Most Cited Health Standards
TOSHA Logo(By Section Title)

January 1, 2011 - December 31, 2011 

Section Title
Hazard Description (for example)
Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Absence of, or deficiencies in, Exposure Control Plan, engineering and work practice controls, personal protective equipment, housekeeping, regulated waste, hepatitis B vaccination and post-exposure follow-up procedures, labeling, recordkeeping, training
  • 2
    Hazard Communication
  • Absence of, or deficiencies in, written program, training, labels, MSDS
  • 3
    Respiratory Protection
  • Absence of, or deficiencies in, written program, medical evaluations, maintenance of respirators, fit testing, training, program evaluation, selection of respirators, breathing air quality, use of respirators, recordkeeping
  • 4
    Tennessee Right-to-Know Law
  • No non-containerized chemical warnings posted
  • No annual training on hazardous chemicals
  • No records of training on hazardous chemicals
  • ID of employees trained not maintained
  • Sign or placard not posted on outside of building for fire-fighter protection
  • Workplace chemical list not compiled, maintained, and/or updated
  • 5
    Occupational Noise
  • Engineering controls not used to reduce noise exposures to within the values in Table–G-1A and to protect employees’ hearing
  • Hearing conservation program not established to protect employees’ hearing
  • No monitoring of noise levels
  • Audiometric testing program not established and/or maintained properly
  • Audiometric testing equipment and procedures not properly maintained and calibrated
  • Hearing protectors not provided and worn properly
  • Absence of, or deficiencies in, annual employee training program on noise
  • Noise standard not posted in the workplace
  • Required records not maintained
  • 6
    OSHA 300 Log Recordkeeping
  • Significant standard threshold shift not recorded
  • Form 300, 301, and/or 300A not maintained
  • Recordable injury/illness not recorded within 7 days
  • Employee names not removed for privacy cases
  • Annual summary (300A) not properly certified
  • Annual summary not posted in conspicuous place from January 1 through April 30
  • Copies of records not provided to government official in 4 hours
  • 7
    Personal Protective Equipment
  • PPE not provided, used, and/or maintained
  • No workplace hazard assessment for PPE conducted
  • No written certification of workplace hazard assessment for PPE
  • Employees not trained on use of PPE
  • Employees did not demonstrate an understanding of the training
  • 8
    Spray Finishing Using Flammable and Combustible Material
  • Spray booths not constructed of steel, concrete, or masonry
  • The average air velocity over the open face of a spray booth (except electrostatic) not maintained at 100 feet per minute
  • Discarded filter pads and rolls not immediately removed to safe location
  • Space on the downstream and upstream sides of filters not protected with automatic sprinklers
  • Each spray booth not separated from other operations by at least 3 feet
  • Clear space of at least 3 feet on all sides of spray booth not kept clear from storage/all portions of spray booth not accessible for cleaning
  • Open flame or spark producing equipment within 20 feet of spraying area
  • Electrical equipment on which combustible residues can accumulate located in spraying area
  • Electric lamps located within 20 feet of spraying area not totally enclosed
  • Quantity of flammable or combustible materials in the vicinity of spray finishing operations exceeded a one-shift or one-day supply
  • Containers not bonded and grounded during transfer of flammable or combustible liquids
  • Fire extinguishers not located near spraying area
  • Spraying conducted outside of predetermined spraying area
  • Approved metal waste cans not provided, used and contents disposed of at least once daily
  • “No Smoking” signs not posted at spraying areas and paint storage rooms
  • 9
    Medical Services and First Aid
  • No emergency eye wash and/or safety shower
  • No one trained to render first aid
  • 10
    Portable Fire Extinguishers
  • Portable fire extinguishers not provided, mounted and identified
  • Extinguishers not fully charged and operable or not in their designated location
  • No monthly visual inspection of portable fire extinguishers
  • No annual maintenance check
  • Employees not trained in use of extinguishers
  • 11
    Permit-Required Confined Spaces
  • Workplace not evaluated to determine if any spaces are permit-required
  • Permit-required spaces not identified with sign informing employees of the danger
  • Written permit space program not developed and/or implemented
  • No certification of (c)(7) re-classification
  • Contractors not apprised of the hazards in confined spaces
  • Deficiencies in permit space program
  • Entry permit not prepared before entry
  • Deficiencies in entry permit
  • Employees not trained and training not properly certified
  • Entrant did not use the equipment properly
  • Entrant did not communicate with the attendant affected
  • Employees did not practice making permit space rescues at least every 12 months
  • 12
    Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals
  • No written plan of action regarding employee participation
  • Lack of, or inadequacies in, compilation of written process safety information
  • Lack of, or inadequacies in, process hazard analysis
  • Appropriate written operating procedures not developed and/or implemented
  • Lack of or inadequate training for each employee involved in operating a process
  • Training not documented
  • Adequate written procedures for management of change not established and/or implemented
  • Incidents resulting in, or which could have resulted in, a catastrophic chemical release not promptly and properly investigated
  • 13
  • All places of employment not kept as clean as the nature of the work allows
  • Waste materials not disposed of as necessary to maintain a sanitary workplace
  • No vermin control
  • No backflow preventers to prevent backflow of nonpotable water into potable system
  • Each water closet did not occupy a separate compartment
  • Washing facilities not maintained in a sanitary condition
  • Lavatory not provided with hot and cold running water
  • Toweling or warm-air blowers not available for drying hands in lavatories
  • Food or beverage stored in toilet room or in area exposed to toxic material
  • 14
  • Employees exposed over the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
  • Initial exposure monitoring not conducted
  • Engineering and work practice controls not implemented to reduce lead exposure to below the PEL
  • Written compliance program to reduce employee exposure to below the PEL not established
  • Respiratory protection program not implemented
  • PPE not provided
  • Contaminated PPE not cleaned, laundered, disposed of properly
  • Change rooms, showers, and lunch rooms not provided or not properly maintained
  • Employees not trained annually and/or not provided copies of Appendices A and B of the lead standard
  • 15
    Walking/Working Surfaces
  • All places of employment not kept clean, orderly and sanitary
  • Floors not kept dry
  • No approved load level posted for overhead storage
  • 16
    Chromium (VI)
  • 8-hr TWA exposure not determined for each employee exposed to chromium
  • Periodic monitoring not performed every 6 months when initial monitoring revealed exposures at or above the action level
  • Employees allowed to remove chromium-contaminated PPE or equipment from the workplace
  • Containers of contaminated PPE or equipment not labeled according to the hazard communication standard
  • Change rooms not equipped with separate storage facilities for PPE and equipment and for street clothes
  • Employees allowed to enter eating and drinking area with contaminated clothing or equipment
  • Eating, drinking, smoking, chewing tobacco or gum, applying cosmetics allowed in regulated area
  • Waste, debris, scrap, etc., contaminated with chromium VI not disposed of in sealed, impermeable containers and/or not labeled according to the hazard communication standard
  • Medical surveillance not made available to employees exposed to chromium VI
  • Employees not trained on chromium VI
  • Employees not able to demonstrate knowledge of the contents of the standard and the medical surveillance program
  • Employees not provided a free copy of the standard
  • 17
    Permissible Exposure Limits
  • Overexposure to air contaminant listed in Table Z-1-A
  • 18
    Eye and Face Protection
  • Eye and face protection not used to protect from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors or light radiation
  • No side protection on eye protection
  • Employees wearing prescription lenses not protected with eye protection
  • Employees not wearing filter lenses with appropriate shade number
  • 19
  • Employees not monitored for their exposure to formaldehyde
  • Appropriate PPE not selected for protection from formaldehyde
  • Shower not provided when employees’ skin may be splashed with solutions containing ≥ 1% formaldehyde
  • Eye wash not provided when employees’ eye may be splashed with solutions containing ≥ 0.1% formaldehyde
  • No written hazard communication program
  • Employees not trained on formaldehyde at initial assignment and at least annually
  • 20
    Sharps Injury Prevention
  • Type and brand of device in use when an exposure incident occurred not recorded on the sharps injury log within 6 days of the incident
  • Engineered sharps injury protection evaluated and currently in use not documented in exposure control plan