Office of Children & Youth
Early Intervention & Prevention Services
Prevention has been defined in a broad public health context to include: primary prevention (avoidance of onset), secondary prevention (early intervention), and tertiary prevention (prevention of relapse). Primary prevention is an active process of creating conditions or personal attributes that promote the well being of people. Early Intervention, or secondary prevention, includes early detection and activities to keep beginning problems from becoming more severe. Newer terminology speaks of Universal, Selective, and Indicated preventive interventions.
TDMH's prevention efforts are composed of universal and selective preventive interventions. The department’s B.A.S.I.C. program includes both universal and selective preventive interventions. Universal preventive interventions target the general public or a whole population group. Our school based B.A.S.I.C. programs target a school's population using mental health wellness activities. B.A.S.I.C. also uses selective preventive interventions (or Early Intervention/Secondary Prevention) to work with individuals or subgroups whose risk of developing mental disorders is significantly higher than average.
Another TDMH early Intervention effort, RIP, would be subsumed under the indicated preventive interventions. Indicated preventive interventions target children who are identified as having signs or symptoms related to mental disorders, but who do not yet meet diagnostic criteria, such as children with early behavioral problems.