Tennessee and the Volkswagen Diesel Settlement
For additional information about the VW Settlement, please visit EPA’s Volkswagen Clean Air Act Partial Settlement webpage, the U.S. Department of Justice’s Volkswagen Settlement webpage, and the Volkswagen/Audi Diesel Emissions Settlement Program website. Additional resources related to the VW Settlement can be found on TDEC's VW Settlement Resources page.
In 2015, Volkswagen (VW) publicly admitted that it had secretly and deliberately installed a defeat device—software designed to cheat emissions tests and deceive federal and state regulators—in approximately 590,000 model year 2009 to 2016 motor vehicles containing 2.0 and 3.0 liter diesel engines. The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a complaint against VW, alleging that the company had violated the Clean Air Act. In October 2016 and May 2017, the U.S. District Court, Northern District of California (“Court”), approved two partial settlements related to the affected 2.0 and 3.0 liter vehicles, respectively, totaling $14.9 Billion (“the VW Settlement”).
In April 2017, a third partial settlement, addressing civil penalties and injunctive relief, was approved by the Court. Under the third partial settlement, VW has paid a $1.45 Billion civil penalty for the alleged civil violations of the Clean Air Act. The money was collected via the Department of Justice and was deposited to the U.S. Treasury.
The VW Settlement will be implemented through the First Partial Consent Decree and Second Partial Consent Decree. Under these consent decrees, VW has agreed to:
- Dedicate $10 Billion to the recall of at least 85% of the affected 2.0 and 3.0 liter vehicles;
- Invest $2 Billion in zero-emission vehicle infrastructure and promotion (“Zero Emission Vehicle Investment Plan”); and
- Establish a $2.9 Billion Environmental Mitigation Trust to mitigate the environmental effects of the excess nitrogen oxide (NOX) emissions from the affected vehicles.
Information on these three components of the VW Settlement is available below.
How are we doing? Please provide any feedback related to TDEC's VW Settlement webpage to OEP Senior Program Manager Alexa Voytek at Alexa.Voytek@tn.gov or 615-613-1096.
If it is hard for you to read, speak, or understand English, please see our Language Assistance webpage for more information about our free language assistance services.
Under Appendix C to the Volkswagen Diesel Settlement’s First Partial Consent Decree, VW must invest $2 Billion over 10 years in projects that support the increased use of ZEVs, which are defined as battery electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). This will be a VW-administered program. VW has created a separate entity within VW Group of America, known as Electrify America, LLC, to oversee the ZEV investment. The funding will be distributed over four, 30 month cycles: $300 Million per cycle in the National ZEV Investment Plan with EPA oversight (totaling $1.2 Billion) and $200 Million per cycle in the California ZEV Investment Plan with California Air Resources Board (CARB) oversight (totaling $800 Million).
On December 9, 2016, VW launched www.electrifyamerica.com, which provides information on VW's Zero Emission Vehicle infrastructure and awareness campaign, as well as details on how states, municipalities, and others can submit proposals to help inform VW's ZEV Investment Plans over the next 10 years.
Eligible National ZEV Investment expenses include:
- Design/planning, construction/installation, and operation and maintenance of ZEV infrastructure;
- Brand-neutral education or public outreach that builds or increases awareness;
- Programs or actions to increase public exposure or access to ZEVs without requiring the consumer to purchase or lease a ZEV at full market value, such as car sharing services or ride hailing services.
On April 9, 2017, Electrify America published the National ZEV Investment Plan: Cycle 1, which runs through June 2019. On February 4, 2019, Electrify America published the National ZEV Investment Plan: Cycle 2, which runs from July 2019 through December 2021. EPA reviewed and approved both plans prior to publication.
In June 2021, Electrify America released its Cycle 3 National ZEV Investment Plan (covering the third of the four cycles, which will run from January 2022 to July 2024). The Plan details how Electrify America will invest $300 Million in Cycle 3 funds into charging infrastructure and consumer education—including in areas not previously addressed in Cycles 1 and 2, such as access to EV charging for residents of multi-unit dwellings and infrastructure for taxi and transportation network company vehicles. Specifically, this plan outlines community charging infrastructure investments in 25 metropolitan areas, including the Nashville-Davidson County, Murfreesboro, and Franklin metropolitan area, and expands upon Cycle 1 and 2 investments in EV corridor charging along major highways. Several of these corridors run through Tennessee, including I-40, I-24, I-65, and I-75. The Plan anticipates 1-3 new stations to be added to the Nashville area and identifies the I-24 corridor between Manchester, TN and Atlanta as a regional route to be prioritized for new stations, upgrades and enhancements, and ongoing operations. As of now, there are ten Electrify America stations that are online and operational in Tennessee (in Memphis, Jackson, Clarksville, Nashville, Manchester, Cookeville, Ooltewah, Knoxville, and Kodak).
TDEC has submitted feedback to Electrify America for the Cycle 1, Cycle 2, and Cycle 3 solicitations for public comment, proposals, and recommendations. The State will continue to coordinate and engage with the company in an effort to spur investment by Electrify America in Tennessee.
Stay up-to-date on Electrify America’s activities by visiting media.electrifyamerica.com to read all relevant press releases. To view an up-to-date map of all current and planned Electrify America charging stations, visit www.electrifyamerica.com/locate-charger.
More information regarding the VW Settlement ZEV Investment can be found in Appendix C to the First Partial Consent Decree.
The First and Second Partial Consent Decrees require VW to dedicate $10 Billion to the removal or modification of at least 85% of the subject 2.0 liter vehicles by June 30, 2019, the subject 3.0 liter generation 1 vehicles (MY 2009-2012) by November 30, 2019, and the subject 3.0 liter generation 2 vehicles (MY 2013-2016) by May 31, 2020. These vehicles can be removed or modified through:
- Vehicle buyback,
- Lease termination, or
- An EPA-approved emissions modification.
Visit www.VWCourtSettlement.com for more information on approved emissions modifications for 2.0 and 3.0 liter subject vehicles as well as consumer options related to subject vehicle buyback and lease termination.
This Page Last Updated: March 29, 2022 at 3:56 PM